As the name suggests, this group of research chemicals comprises compounds with the power to stimulate the human psyche. Such properties are exhibited by a substantial number of artificially made substances, such as synthetic cannabinoids. Since their emergence at the beginning of the 20th century, they have been introduced in therapeutic use in many countries as an effective prescription medicine for ADHD, obesity, and narcolepsy. These central nervous system stimulants modify the way it functions due to their psychoactive nature. Stimulants are opposite to depressants, which include such prescription medications as Benzodiazepines. The latter are also classified as sedative substances or ‘minor tranquilizers’. They slow down the processes in the human brain, while stimulants speed them up. The third type of substances with psychoactive properties is hallucinogens.
EffectsThe substances have been shown to cause arousal, heightened alertness, and better motor activity in research subjects. Patients often report euphoria and acute wakefulness, enhanced ideation and concentration, along with suppressed appetite and boosted self-esteem. Short term physical effects include the following:
- blood pressure, blood sugar, breathing and heart rate increase;
- breathing passages open up;
- blood flow decreases;
DefinitionPsychostimulant drugs are a type of research chemicals useful for lab studies. They cause human physical and mental functions to improve, albeit temporarily. Psychomotor activity, which may be illustrated by playing football or brushing one’s teeth, receives a powerful boost. Such effects may be observed over a different period, depending on the subject and the dosage. Psychostimulants can be created in lab environments using different precursors, and they may be purchased online for scientific purposes. Like steroids and hormones, they may also occur naturally. Probably, the most common stimulant of this kind is caffeine.
ClassificationSuch different substances as nicotine, Ecstasy, methamphetamine, cocaine, and methylphenidate are all examples of stimulating compounds, and they fall into either of the following classes:
- sympathomimetics (both direct and indirect);